Nigeria is a potential market for investors who want to venture into small, medium and large scale food processing businesses. And according to an by SunNews, Custard powder production is one of them.
Custard is a treated form of pap, a corn-base food product consumed by many Nigerians living in the urban area.
Custard is an edible powder-like substance that can be prepared and consumed (eaten) in liquid form like pap. custard is usually white when it is raw but turns yellow when water is added and prepared for consumption. There are so many varieties of custard now in the market, for instance, the chocolate custard, vanilla custard, strawberry custard, yellow custard, among others.
Custard is a very common food in Nigeria today. It can be prepared and eaten with beans, bean-cake (akara), moimoi and can also be eaten ordinarily with milk and sugar added to it once prepared. Custard can be taken specially in the morning before rushing to work, after work, on weekends and during times like the Christian lent and the Islamic fasting period.
Custard has a long shelf life, which means it can stay for a very long period of time without getting spoilt. The product is in great demand in the urban areas because of the ever busy lifestyle of most Nigerian households.
There is nothing much involved in the production of custard. No special knowledge or degree is required to engage in custard production. Anybody can produce custard. The materials required to start off the production are cheap and readily available in the market and can be started with small capital and at home.
Below are requirements for setting up custard production venture:
A small scale home-based custard production business can be started in any part of the country with less than N250, 000, with the entrepreneur making well above double the amount invested.
Raising this kind of fund may also not be difficult but for those who want to start big, the banks may grant loan with good business plan.
Registration of the business with Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) and NAFDAC are necessary but investors can go ahead to setup and start producing while processing NAFDAC number. But it is important to do the registration to prevent production being stalled by NAFDAC at any stage of the business.
Meanwhile, the registration with the CAC has become easier with the Federal Government Ease of Doing Business programme and can now be processed within 48 hours.
The following machines and equipment are needed for custard production: electric oven, milling machine, mixing machine, weighing instruments, drying machine and sealing machine. All these machines and equipment can be procured locally from machine and equipment fabricators in Nigeria.
However, setting up a very small custard production business can be done without some of the machines listed above but the machines are invaluable as the business grows and there is need to expand production capacity.
The raw materials needed for custard production include edible corn starch, flavour, concentrated vitamins and plastic containers for packaging. All the above materials are available in any major market here in Nigeria.
Below are the measurement you can follow for a small production:
Corn starch – 4 kg
Sunset yellow– -0.5 kg
Flavour – -1 ml
Tertrazine – -0.5 kg
Vitamins (essential ones) – 1-3 %
Skimmed milk (optional) -2 – -4%
Salt (optional) – -0.1-0.5%
Sugar (optional) – -3%
For step by step details on the production process of custard powder, click .